FAQ

What is Aleph?

Aleph is a unique DAG protocol that breaks the limits on speed and scalability.

What is Aleph Zero?

Aleph is a unique DAG protocol that breaks the limits on speed and scalability.

How Aleph is different from blockchain?

In general, blockchain is a chain of blocks where each block contains the hash of the previous one. A block is a collection of data, and each piece of data is added to the blockchain by connecting one block after another in chronological order. What is important, in what we usually call ‘blockchain protocols,’ only one block at the time can be created globally, what requires a mechanism of assigning block creation task to a specific user. No matter what mechanism is utilized, such constraint puts serious limits on the whole protocol throughput.

Aleph, as a DAG protocol, allows multiple users to create units/blocks at the same time, and the blocks are subsequently ordered and validated by our novel consensus. Such an approach allows for massive gains in both speed and throughput of the whole platform.

How Aleph is different from IOTA’s Tangle?

A permission-less consensus model requires some type of Sybil–resistant mechanism to become a validator. IOTA’s Tangle uses a relatively simple Proof–of–Work scheme which requires each transaction sender to solve a simple hash puzzle, while Aleph is based on Proof-of-Stake mechanism, where each user’s ‘voting power’ in consensus is proportional to the amount of tokens he holds.

Besides that, in IOTA protocol transactions are becoming increasingly more confirmed with time, but they never reach full finality. This is contrary to Aleph, where transactions reach finality within a constant number of rounds.

Additionally, currently security of  IOTA relies on a single node called ‘coordinator’, and despite many announcements, still, no timeline has been given for its removal. In our opinion, the concept of coordinator puts in question the whole concept of decentralization of the platform.

How Aleph is different from Hedera Hashgraph?

A subtle but crucial structural difference is that in Hashgraph, each communication between two nodes creates an ‘event,’ which is a container for potential queued transactions. In Aleph, we decoupled communication between nodes (i.e., gossiping) and creation of units (how we call our ‘containers’) since we believe that 1:1 ratio between this actions is suboptimal by far. Besides that, Aleph provides constant bound on the average number of rounds necessary to validate each transaction and put it into total ordering even during times of total asynchrony of the network. In Hashgraph’s white paper, the average number of rounds is not bounded and their liveness proof is based on a coin round, which provides for a probability of achieving liveness as less than one in a billion for validating a transaction during each round in an asynchronous scenario (assuming a committee size of 39).

There are also differences in the governance model. Aleph is fully permissionless, whereas in Hedera Hashgraph part of the committee (39 members) is chosen by Hedera Hashgraph team. In Aleph, it is the coin holders who elect all of the validators of the network. Also, the Aleph algorithm is not patented. Most importantly, Aleph does not require license fees for users to build an application on the platform.

Who is the team behind Aleph?

To read about the team, head to Menu > About > #teamaleph section.

Will Aleph have an ICO / TGE?

Yes, that is planned. The exact date and more information will be published later.

How can I invest in Aleph?

At a to-be-disclosed date, we will open a tokensale.

The total number of tokens will approximately be split in the following way:

68% for the public + early contributors

  • 12% will be distributed through seed funding
  • 56% for the public

32% for the project

  • 22% solely owned by the foundation. This pool will also be redistributed to Strategic Partners and through Marketing and community outreach
  • 11% for the founding team and advisors

At the genesis, the project team will be responsible for less than 1/3 of the total token supply. The team will slowly trickle some of the tokens out to the community effectively diminishing the controlled amount over time, essentially resulting in the public controlling more than 70% of the tokens.

The design of the TGE has been structured to prevent the hard cap from being reached instantly by large individual donation, specifically to ensure that everyone interested has a chance to obtain tokens.

If you want to stay updated and invest, fill out the form.

Is Aleph safe?

Aleph ensures ultimate safety with three qualities: being asynchronous, leader-free, and Byzantine Fault Tolerant.

Asynchronity – Aleph does not rely on any timing assumptions and ensures that all honest transactions will be confirmed even during times of total asynchrony of the network. The outcome is both DDoS resilience and easy protocol recovery after the network partitions.

Leader-free – Aleph is decentralized and leaderless. It does not have a single node in control of creating a total ordering of units at any stage of the process. This quality provides not only a greater degree of decentralization than many existing protocols—but also guards against timed DDoS attacks that can be aimed at validators.

BFT – Aleph can tolerate up to 33% malicious committee members without an effect on the validation process. Each transaction is confirmed as soon as 67% of the members agree upon it.

What is Aleph’s license?

The exact license is yet to be chosen but it will be within the domain of open-source.

When will Aleph be on [%name] exchange?

Aleph will never directly answer questions about specific exchanges or encourage speculative discourse. Any question asked about specific exchanges will only be answered with: “We do not engage in speculative discourse” which should neither be considered a confirmation or a refutation of any event. You are free to discuss the topic as we do not censor speculation, but on our channels, any statement can be removed if presented as fact, or if the discourse is deemed libel, manipulation or slander.

How is Aleph different from [%project]?

At the current time of writing, there are several thousand projects in the crypto-domain. It is therefore not feasible to construct comparisons towards every possible project out there. We have currently drafted FAQs for a few select projects, but we do intend to increase this count as we go along. If you have a problem finding the information you need, or If you believe our records currently are omitting a project that is advantageous to compare against, then please reach out in our telegram channel, and we will take your notion to heart.